Home Page displays your latest posts. This is default WordPress setting.
If you don't want to use latest posts for your home page you can navigate to the Settings > Reading and instead of the default "Front Page - Your latest posts" choose "A static page" and choose appropriate pages for the home and blog page.
6.1 Intro about post and "Post Formats"
Using Post Formats feature we styled each post format differently and added different content as well.
First navigate to Post and create new post.
If featured image is uploaded it will be shown on the top of the content above the title.
"Post Formats" are available for each post.
What is sticky post and how to choose it?
"Sticky" post always comes out as the first post and it is usually used to highlight an important post. More about "sticky" post can be found here : codex.wordpress.org/sticky-posts.
Inside the box Publish > Visibility you'll be able to choose "Stick this post to the front page".
You can choose any post you want for your sticky post.
6.2 Format Quote
To create it, first navigate to Post and create a new post. Than choose quote from the format options and upload your featured image for the background.
This is the code we used for quote post:
6.3 Format Image
First navigate to Post and create a new post. Than choose image from the format options.
6.4 Format Video
First navigate to the Post and create a new post. Then choose video from the format options. If you activate Jetpack plugin you will be able to add just a Youtube video link inside the editor to have a working video. If you don`t use Jetpack just embed the video and paste it inside the editor.