The page you select as your posts page will automatically list all your blog posts chronologically beginning with the most recent one. For the blog page it is not possible to choose page template. Different blog layout options are available from within the customizer.
3.1 Blog Options
In the Customizer's Theme Options panel, under Blog Layout, choose the best layout for your site. You can change the position of the sidebar, select a grid layout, or opt for a list layout without a sidebar. This layout applies to archive pages as well.
In the Customizer's Theme Options panel, you can hide items like post author and date.
3.2 Creating a post
Posts are entries that display in reverse order on your posts page. Posts usually have comments field beneath them and are included in your site's RSS feed.
Read more about writing a posts here: https://codex.wordpress.org/Writing_Posts
3.3 CSS styles
To style your pages individually, you can use extra CSS styles in your page text/HTML editor. To style your recipe and recipe method with the black border box like it's been done in the demo use div with CSS class "recipe":